You are viewing urbpan

Previous Entry | Next Entry

dandelion


Giant puffball Calvatia gigantea

Not everyone has encountered a giant puffball, but surely everyone who has remembers the experience. Often they are mistaken for deflated volleyballs, or soccer balls that have faded to all-white. A group of particularly large giant puffballs, dotting a meadow, might be taken to be a flock of sheep. Each mushroom ranges in size from that of a grapefruit up to a meter across. The fungus organism, hidden in the soil, is a larger creature made of millions of interlacing threads only a single cell wide. These threads exude digestive juices into the soil, breaking down chemicals into usable nutrients and reabsorbing the result.



All mushroom-producing fungi live this way, though many live in dead wood instead of soil, and others live within or among the roots of living trees. Secondary decomposers (or secondary saprobes in the terminology of mycologists) feed in places where other fungi and bacteria have already done some work breaking down formerly living things into smaller, more digestible parts. A microscopic puffball spore must drift to such a place, and somehow escape the predations of springtails, slime molds, earthworms and a myriad other creatures in order to grow into fungus organism, . The odds seem very bad for the spore, perhaps that's why each giant puffball produces more than a trillion spores. Surely one will reach the right spot.


Giant puffball links:

Tom Volk's page on the species: http://botit.botany.wisc.edu/toms_fungi/aug98.html

David Fischer's page on the species and its relatives: http://americanmushrooms.com/edibles3.htm

Michael Kuo's page on the species: http://www.mushroomexpert.com/calvatia_gigantea.html

Two years ago they appeared three weeks earlier, for some reason. I ate one:
http://urbpan.livejournal.com/767622.html

Goofballs with puffballs: http://botit.botany.wisc.edu/toms_fungi/calvatia.html

(Thanks to Tom Volk and David Fischer for responding to my questions about this species.)

Comments

( 7 comments — Leave a comment )
kryptyd
Sep. 10th, 2010 08:15 am (UTC)
These things are edible. I wouldn't fancy it though. They look like there's smoke coming out of them if you pick them up! It's the spores of course, but it doesn't make them look tasty.

They are fun to play with though.
urbpan
Sep. 10th, 2010 09:59 am (UTC)
Indeed, but they are only edible if you harvest them early enough that they are completely white inside. Do not save any part of them if any part has begun to yellow (cut the puffball lengthwise in half to see the center). By the time they start "smoking" they are long long past edible.
asakiyume
Sep. 10th, 2010 11:56 am (UTC)
Wow, look at the size of the one you've got there! I love how it's split on top like a loaf of bread .

Yeah, I've found them occasionally, and mmm, they're great.
peppergrass
Sep. 10th, 2010 12:24 pm (UTC)
I have never ever found any of these, but imagine my leaping joy if I did!
bedfull_o_books
Sep. 10th, 2010 03:10 pm (UTC)
One grew in our front yard when I was a kid. We still have the pictures, I think.

We ate it sauteed in butter, IIRC.... It was yummy.
ndozo
Sep. 10th, 2010 10:06 pm (UTC)
That first photo is a mother and baby, right?
wraithfodder
Oct. 5th, 2010 01:25 am (UTC)
Thanks for your link to your journal at my entry on giant mushrooms - http://wraithfodder.livejournal.com/452649.html

I found another one today in neighbor's yard.
( 7 comments — Leave a comment )

Profile

dandelion
urbpan
The Urban Pantheist

Latest Month

April 2014
S M T W T F S
  12345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
27282930   

Tags

Powered by LiveJournal.com
Designed by Witold Riedel